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Meeting review

Review: 18th Open Auto Drive Forum on November 22, 2022

The 18th Open Auto Drive Forum event on November 22, 2022, was attended by more than 100 online participants. Andras Csepinszky of NNG, the OADF spokesperson and co-chair of SENSORIS, warmly welcomed the attendees and recalled the history and goals of OADF. He also gave an overview of recent OADF activities related to reliable maps and the OADF ecosystem.

Steffen Kuhn from Elektrobit introduced to ISO/AWI TS 5083 ‘Road vehicles – Safety for automated driving systems’, which will include a chapter on the use of HD maps in automated driving systems. This chapter will also provide the definition of reliable map attributes (RMAs), their deviation types, and mitigation of risks arising from RMA deviations.

Aria Etemad from Volkswagen gave an overview of the EU projects L3Pilot and its successor project Hi-Drive, of which he is the coordinator. L3Pilot aimed to test congestion, highways, parking, and urban applications. The Hi-Drive project began in 2021 and is scheduled to last 4 years.  It focuses on Automated Driving robustness and reliability, extended and defragmented Operational Design Domains (ODDs), and interoperability between countries and brands.

Trond Hovland of ITS Norway introduced ISO JWG 11 as a joint working group of ISO/TC 204 WG3 ‘ITS Geographic Data’ and ISO TC 211 ‘Geographic information/Geomatics’ and reported on the planning of a new version 6.0 of the Geographic Data Files (GDF).

In addition, the OADF member organization provided information on their recent activities in automated driving:

  • Jean-Charles Pandazis, ADASIS Coordinator and of ERTICO, reported on the release of ADASIS v3.2, the planning for v3.3, which will integrate auxiliary providers, and the planning for v3.4, which will focus on a low-level protocol.
  • Benjamin Engel, CTO at ASAM, gave an overview of the OpenX standards, with particular emphasis on the role and definition of an Operational Design Domain as targeted by OpenODD.
  • Martin Schleicher, NDS Chairman and Elektrobit’s representative at NDS, gave an overview of recent advances in NDS.Live and reference implementations using OpenAPI and AUTOSAR SOME/IP.
  • András Csepinszky, SENSORIS Co-Chairman and from NNG, reported on the latest SENSORIS version 1.6 and the planning for SENSORIS 2.0.
  • Satoru Nakajo, SIP-adus founding member of the University of Tokyo, reported on the SIP-adus workshop held October 11-13, on SIP-adus’ collaboration with ADASIS in the field Operational Test, and on the development of DMP.
  • Matthias Unbehaun, TISA Executive Director, provided information on the progress of the TPEG3 development and the automated driving use cases guiding the development.
  • Christian Kleine, TN-ITS President and of HERE, reported on the market demand for digital maps and improvements in the data chain between Road Authorities as a trusted source and service provider.
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Meeting review

Review: 17th Open Auto Drive Forum on May 17, 2022

The 17th Open Auto Drive Forum event on May 17, 2022, was the first OADF event since 2019 where participants met on-site. The on-site portion took place in Frankfurt, Germany, where approximately 30 participants gathered. Another 130 people attended the meeting remotely.

The OADF speaker and co-chair of SENSORIS, Andras Csepinszky of NNG, warmly welcomed participants to the hybrid meeting and introduced the history and goals of the OADF forum and events.

Several experts from government, industry and academia were invited for the 17th OADF. Suku Phull from the Department for Transport UK reported on the situation in the UK and presented cross-border cooperative intelligent transport systems (C-ITS) as a promising approach to improve road safety and congestion statistics. Torsten Geissler from the Federal Highway Research Institute in Germany (BASt) reported on the Connected Cooperative and Automated Mobility (CCAM) partnership. This major program aims, among other things, at safe and trustworthy interaction between road users, vehicles, infrastructure and services, as well as improved synergies between public and private investment plans to further develop vehicle and infrastructure technologies. Chris Thibodeau, CEO of Ushr, shared the mission of the Digital Map Platform (DMP) to provide an HD data platform that maps the world. He gave an overview of DMP and its shareholders and explained the great potential of HD map applications. Siddartha Khastgir, Head of Verification & Validation, Intelligent Vehicles at WMG/ University of Warwick, presented Operation Design Domains (ODD) for automated driving systems. He made several recommendations on things to consider when working on an ODD, such as maintaining consistency between map standards and ODD attributes.

Following the tradition, the various standardization organizations briefly presented their organizations and provided information on their recent activities in automated driving:

  • Jean-Charles Pandazis of ERTICO reported on ADASIS v3.2, which was released internally, and on the planning of ADASIS v3.3, which will include a low-level protocol and integration of auxiliary providers. ADASIS is a success story celebrating its 20th Anniversary at next GA on 28-29 June in Brussels.
  • Benjamin Engel of ASAM reported on the challenges in developing OpenDRIVE to provide realistic representations of real-world data at a larger scale and how these are being addressed.
  • Martin Schleicher, Elektrobit’s representative to NDS, gave an overview of recent progress on NDS.Live, which is now open for evaluation.
  • András Csepinszky of NNG reported on the achievements of SENSORIS and on collaboration with related activities such as OADF.
  • Satoru Nakajo from the University of Tokyo reported on SIP-adus with a focus in the Field Operational Test (FOT) 2021, which is now completed, and the use of ADASIS in the FOT.
  • Matthias Unbehaun from TISA provided information on the progress of TPEG3 development and AD use cases guiding the development.

At the end of the day, the attendees were invited to on-site workshops on map safety security and the OADF ecosystem. Teaser presentations by Steffen Kuhn of Elektrobit, Andras Csepinszky and Matthias Unbehaun led to lively discussions and a fruitful exchange of information between the participants.

The OADF is now in its seventh year and continues to attract great interest. A second OADF event in 2022 is already planned, the date and format of which will be announced in due course.

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Meeting review

Review: 16th Open Auto Drive Forum on September 14, 2021

The 16th Open Auto Drive Forum event on September 16, 2021 attracted up to 170 participants from the automotive sector to discuss advances in standardization related to automated and autonomous driving.

Andras Csepinszky from NNG, the new OADF speaker and co-chair of SENSORIS, opened the meeting and introduced the event and its background. Two keynote presentations attracted great interest from the audience and were the subject of numerous questions to the experts.

Matthias Ruether from Joanneum Research in Graz, Austria, reported on their efforts to produce maps with very high resolution (“Ultra HD maps”). Such maps can be stored in any format supporting the resolution. He explained the motivation, production process and application areas. A second topic of his presentation was the cooperative EU research project ESRIUM, which contributes to road safety by providing a digital map of road damage and wear. Such maps are used for road maintenance planning and route recommendations.

Thomas Bock from Porsche Digital shared the results of a SAE technical paper on mapping requirements for AD and ADAS. His presentation focused on unresolved issues in HD map creation: the economics and feasibility of scaling HD map creation globally, detecting changes in map content or updating a map, and validating map content to contribute to system safety. For each of these topics, he also shared his personal views on how to approach these problems – many of which included the recommendation for standardization. The technical paper can be purchased from SAE.

In the standardization organizations’ part of the event, representatives briefly introduced their organizations and provided information on their recent activities around automated driving.

  • Jean-Charles Pandazis from ERTICO reported on ADASIS v3.2, released internally, which can be used by AD software developers, and on the planning of ADASIS v3.3 to include a low level protocol.
  • Nicco Hagedorn from ASAM presented the latest OpenX roadmap and reported on recent work on ASAM OpenLabel and ASAM Open Operational Design Domains (ODD).
  • Martin Schleicher, Elektrobit’s representative to NDS, focused on use cases and design principles of the NDS.Live specification and presented the NDS roadmap.
  • András Csepinszky from NNG reported on SENSORIS achievements and on the collaboration with related activities such as OADF.
  • Satoru Nakajo from the University of Tokyo reported on SIP-adus, including the results of the 2020 Field Operational Test (FOT), the planning for 2021, and SIP-adus related activities.
  • Matthias Unbehaun from TISA reported on the progress of TPEG3 development presented some AD use cases that are used for guiding these development activities.
  • Christian Kleine from HERE Technologies reported on TN-ITS tools in development, its partnership with CEN/TC278, the TN-ITS roadmap, and the interface with NAPCORE projects.

The continued high attendance showed that the OADF event is well received. Andras Csepinszky announced that new OADF events are planned for in 2022. The dates and formats will be announced in due course.

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Meeting review Meeting summary

Review: 15th Open Auto Drive Forum on May 6, 2021

The 16th Open Auto Drive Forum event on September 16, 2021 attracted up to 170 participants from the automotive sector to discuss advances in standardization related to automated and autonomous driving.

Andras Csepinszky from NNG, the new OADF speaker and co-chair of SENSORIS, opened the meeting and introduced the event and its background. Two keynote presentations attracted great interest from the audience and were the subject of numerous questions to the experts.

Matthias Ruether from Joanneum Research in Graz, Austria, reported on his effort to produce maps with very high resolution (“Ultra HD Map.”). Such maps can be stored in any format supporting the resolution. He explained the motivation, production process and application areas. A second topic of his presentation was the cooperative EU research project ESRIUM. ESRIUM contributes to road safety by providing a digital map of road damage and wear. Such maps are used for road maintenance planning and route recommendations.

Thomas Bock from Porsche Digital shared the results of a SAE technical paper on mapping requirements for AD and ADAS. His presentation focused on unresolved issues in HD map creation: the economics and feasibility of scaling HD map creation globally, detecting changes in map content or updating a map, and validating map content to contribute to system safety. For each of these topics, he also shared his personal views on how to approach the problem – many of which include the recommendation for standardization. The technical paper can be purchased from SAE.

In the standards portion of the event, the various standards organizations briefly introduced their organizations and provided information on their recent activities around automated driving.

  • Jean-Charles Pandazis from ERTICO reported on ADASIS v3.2, released internally, which can be used by AD software developers, and on the planning of ADASIS v3.3 to include a low level protocol.
  • Nicco Hagedorn from ASAM presented the latest OpenX roadmap and reported on recent work on ASAM OpenLabel and ASAM Open Operational Design Domains (ODD).
  • Martin Schleicher, Elektrobit’s representative to NDS, focused on use cases and design principles of the NDS.Live specification and presented the NDS roadmap.
  • András Csepinszky from NNG reported on SENSORIS achievements and on the collaboration with related activities such as OADF.
  • Satoru Nakajo from the University of Tokyo reported on SIP-adus, including the results of the 2020 Field Operational Test (FOT), the planning for 2021, and SIP-adus related activities.
  • Matthias Unbehaun from TISA reported on the progress of TPEG3 development and AD use cases guiding the development.
  • Christian Kleine from HERE Technologies reported on TN-ITS tools in development, its partnership with CEN/TC278, the TN-ITS roadmap, and the interface with NAPCORE projects.

The continued high attendance showed that the OADF event is well received. Andras Csepinszky announced that new OADF events are planned for in 2022. The dates and formats will be announced in due course.

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Meeting review

Review: 14th Open Auto Drive Forum on September 23, 2020

More than 180 automotive experts from all over the world joined the 14th Open Auto Drive Forum event to discuss advancements in standardization related to automated and autonomous driving. 

Before the official start of the meeting a workshop for the on-site participants took place under the lead of Teun Hendriks from TISA. In this workshop, the OADF ecosystem architecture was jointly reviewed. In addition, the in-person participants analyzed the flow of data through the OADF ecosystem for a number of use cases.

Following the tradition, Matthias Unbehaun, OADF Speaker and TISA Executive Director opened the main event with the invited guest speakers and the progress updates from standardization organizations.

The first guest speaker was Dr. Wei Luo, COO and Head of Product at DeepMap. In her presentation Wei focused on the role of HD maps and map accuracy in L2+ AV system. This was followed by Dr. Martin Pfeifle, CTO of NNG, who demonstrated how NNG is using an NDS-based navigation SDK for Automated Driving. Safe and reliable maps for Automated Driving were the topic of the 3rd presentation, held by Steffen Kuhn, Head of Consulting at Elektrobit.

The standardization organizations reported on their latest activities regarding Automated Driving:

  • Jean-Charles Pandazis from ERTICO reported on ADASIS announcing v3.2 internal release, including the fully defined API, ready to be used by AD software developers.
  • Benjamin Engel from ASAM presented the new ASAM Open Simulation Interface.
  • Martin Schleicher from Elektrobit gave insights into NDS.Live, the next generation of the Navigation Data Standard (NDS) standard. It offers more flexibility in terms of data management and deployment, supporting the connected and automated cars of today and of the future.
  • Andras Csepinszky from NNG reported on SENSORIS’ objectives and updated version planning.
  • Satoru Nakajo from the University of Tokyo on SIP-adus gave an update on the ongoing FOT in Tokyo.
  • Teun Hendriks reported on the TISA activities for developing TPEG3 protocols to provide real-time information dedicated for AD vehicles as well as some lead use cases.
  • Christian Kleine from HERE Technologies summarized TN-ITS and its implementation status.

The event was organized as a hybrid in-person/online event on September 23, 2020. To allow participants from America to join, the meeting was started relatively late for Europeans. For on-site participants, it took place in Frankfurt/Germany. Around 15 persons came to Frankfurt respecting the ‘Corona rules’, another 170 participants joined the meeting online.

The organization of the 14th OADF meeting as a hybrid event with many speakers and attendees was quite demanding. However, the participants appreciated this way of conducting the of meeting: It comes with the benefits of a face-to-face meeting for those who can join in person, while still allowing for remote participation for those who cannot travel.

The next OADF meeting will take place in 2021. The date and format of the event will be announced in due time.

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Meeting review

Review: 13th Open AutoDrive Forum on July 9, 2020

The 13th Open Auto Drive Forum event took place on July 9. It was the first OADF online-only event and a completely new experience. Almost 250 participants joined the meeting – more than twice as much as in the ‘traditional’ meetings.

The meeting was opened by Matthias Unbehaun, OADF Speaker and TISA Executive Director and Liu Jun, founder and CEO of Kuandeng Technology in China – who originally wanted to host the meeting in Beijing.

The invited speeches this time addressed the evaluation of HD map quality (Liu Jun), the benefits of standardization for Automated Driving development (Hannah Theuer, BMW) and an update on safe and reliable maps for Automated Driving (Yali Wang from Baidu).

Again, the standardization organizations reported on their latest activities regarding automated driving: Jean-Charles Pandazis from ERTICO reported on ADASIS, Klaus Estenfeld from ASAM on the OpenX standards, Martin Schleicher from Elektrobit on the Navigation Data Standard (NDS), Stefaan Follens from TomTom on SENSORIS, Satoru Nakajo from the University of Tokyo on SIP-adus, Matthias Unbehaun on TISA and Christian Kleine from HERE on TN-ITS.

A new experience in the meeting was the interaction between the attendees and the speakers. The participants asked almost 100 questions relating to the presentations. Only some of them could be answered live. However, the speakers shared the answers to most questions after their presentation in writing. The interaction with the attendees was complemented by 20 ad-hoc polls which the speakers initiated during their presentation. The standardization organizations represented in OADF will now review the feedback in detail and discuss, how the findings can be included in their individual work as well as in the cross-organizational cooperationThe next OADF event is currently planned for September 23, 2020 in Frankfurt Germany with the possibility to participate remotely.

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Meeting review

Review: 12th Open AutoDrive Forum on June 12, 2019

The 12th Open Auto Drive Forum event on June 12 took place in the Leonardo Royal Hotel in Munich, Germany. With nearly 120 participants, it was the best-visited OADF event ever. At the beginning, Matthias Unbehaun, OADF Speaker and TISA Executive Director, introduced the new participants to the history, structure and objectives of the forum: The OADF aims to foster the collaboration of standardization organizations and individual experts for enabling automated driving with map support.

The program of the day consisted of inspiring speeches on making maps reliable for automated driving (Yali Wang from Baidu and Steffen Kuhn from Elektrobit), on generating HD maps from space (Hartmut Runge from the German Aerospace Center) and on a collaborative platform for updating maps (Emil Dautovic from Mapillary).

Following the tradition of the Open Auto Drive Forum events, all member organizations reported on their latest activities regarding automated driving: Jean-Charles Pandazis from ERTICO reported on ADASIS, Martin Schleicher from Elektrobit on the Navigation Data Standard (NDS), Prokop Jehlicka from HERE Technologies on SENSORIS, Matthias Unbehaun on TISA and Satoru Nakajo from the University of Tokyo on SIP-adus. Furthermore, Klaus Estenfeld from ASAM reported on the OpenDrive standard for supporting driving simulations and on related activities in ASAM. Last but not least Christian Kleine from HERE gave insights to TN-ITS and its recent activities.

Around the lunch break, the meeting participants took the opportunity to discuss pressing topics for automated driving in a ‘World Café’. The discussions addressed the need for maps for automated driving, the need for the identification of stopping places for autonomous cars and highly reliable maps. Also, ways for improving the collaboration between Japan and Europe were discussed. The Word Café has proven to be a tool perfectly fitting to the spirit of the OADF of fostering the exchange of experts from different standardization organizations.

The next OADF event will be hosted by Kuandeng and take place on February 18th, 2020 in Beijing, China.

Picture: The OADF Steering Committee with the ASAM representative Klaus Estenfeld at the end of the successful 12th OADF event; from left to right: Klaus Estenfeld (ASAM Executive Director), Satoru Nakajo (representing SIP-adus), Jean-Charles Pandazis (ADASIS Coordinator), Prokop Jehlicka (SENSORIS Chairman), Matthias Unbehaun (OADF Speaker and TISA Executive Director) and Martin Schleicher (NDS Chairman)
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Meeting review

Review: 11th Open AutoDrive Forum on February 5, 2019

On February 5, the Electronics Research Lab (ERL) of Volkswagen Group of America in Belmont, CA, hosted the 11th meeting of the Open Auto Drive forum. Nikolai Reimer, Senior Vice President and Executive Director ERL, and Mattias Unbehaun, OADF Speaker and TISA Executive Director, opened the meeting.

In their keynote ‘Autonomous Driving, past present and future’ Nikhil George and Subramanian Swaminathan from ERL first described the various autonomous demonstration vehicles developed by Volkswagen since 2005 and their successes in DARPA and other challenges. The second part of the keynote focused on the technologies required for autonomous driving with the key elements being sensors, connectivity and machine learning. The presentation illustrated very well the necessity of HD maps for making automated driving a reality – being also a core component connecting all OADF member organizations. The keynote was complemented by short presentations of two promising start-ups: ‘Helm AI’, providing deep learning solutions for autonomous driving, and ‘Applied Intuition’ offering infrastructures for the development, testing and deployment of autonomous driving.

In the introduction to OADF, Matthias Unbehaun re-called the objectives of the OADF, namely, to serve as global platform for sharing knowledge, networking and collaboration between all stakeholders in the automated/ autonomous driving realm. He announced that SIP-adus, the Japanese cross-ministerial program for enabling autonomous driving, has just become the 5th official member organization in OADF – next to ADASIS, NDS, SENSORIS and TISA. The inclusion of SIP-adus and the coordination and harmonization with this Japanese program is an important milestone for OADF.

Matthias Unbehaun’s introduction was followed by updates from the different standardization organizations: Jean-Charles Pandazis from ERTICO reported on ADASIS, Martin Schleicher from Elektrobit on the Navigation Data Standard (NDS), Prokop Jehlicka from HERE Technologies on SENSORIS, Matthias Unbehaun on TISA, Hiroki Sakai from the Mitsubishi Research Institute on SIP-adus and Matthias Unbehaun – as a proxy for Michael Scholz from DLR – on OpenDRIVE. The presentations were complemented by a report from Prokop Jehlicka on the achievements towards the metadata catalogue which aims at bridging different representations in standards relevant for autonomous driving.

In the afternoon, the meeting participants had the opportunity for detailed discussions on the ‘NDS next generation architecture’, on ‘highly reliable maps’ and on the ‘metadata catalogue’. The day was rounded up by a wrap-up by Matthias Unbehaun.

Again, the OADF meeting attracted many interested experts in the field and led to interesting and fruitful discussions. The 12th OADF meeting is planned for June 12 in Munich, Germany, and will be collocated with the first NDS public conference on June 13.

Picture: The OADF Steering Committee welcoming SIP-adus as fifth member organization at the 11th Forum meeting;
from left to right: Prokop Jehlicka (SENSORIS Chairman), Matthias Unbehaun (OADF Speaker and TISA Executive Director), Hiroki Sakai (representing SIP-adus), Michael Klingsoehr (ADASIS Chairman) and Martin Schleicher (NDS Chairman)
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Meeting review

Review: 10th Open AutoDrive Forum on July 12, 2018

On July 12, 2018, the Open Auto Drive Forum (OADF) organized its 10th meeting in Wuhan, P.R. China. The meeting was hosted by SAIC Kotei Big Data Cooperation (SAIC KBD), a joint venture between the car manufacturer SAIC Motor Corporation and Kotei Wuhan Informatics.

The meeting was opened by Wang Junde, CEO of Wuhan Kotei Informatics and Director of SAIC KBD. The company was exclusively founded for providing HD maps for automated driving, high precision localization support and big data analysis. In the keynote speech Yudong Li gave interesting insights into the history and development of the joint venture. He presented SAIC KBD’s HAD map ecosystem and their multi-source acquisition process for the maps. By 2019, it is planned to have the complete highway network in China covered plus 33.000km in urban environments.

As many participants were new to the forum, OADF speaker Dr. Matthias Unbehaun gave a short overview of the history, objectives and organizational structure of the forum. OADF aims to be the global platform for sharing knowledge, networking and collaboration between all stakeholders in the automated/autonomous driving realm.

Following the traditional structure of the OADF meetings, the remainder of the morning was used for updates from standardization bodies. Ming Zhang from Bosch reported on ADASIS, Andras Csepinszky from NNG on the Navigation Data Standard (NDS) Association, Prokop Jehlicka from HERE Technologies on SENSORIS, Dr. Matthias Unbehaun from TISA on TPEG3, Hiroki Sakai from the Mitsubishi Research Institute on SIP-adus and Michael Scholz from DLR on OpenDRIVE.

In the afternoon, the meeting participants were updated on the status of the cross-organizational working areas in OADF: the evolvement of the OADF Reference Ecosystem, the preparation of highly reliable maps for automated driving as well as the preparation of interfaces between the different format specifications by implementing a directory of attribute descriptions and mappings.

Within just three years, the Open Auto Drive forum and its three meetings per year across the continents have proven to ensure a continuous information exchange and alignment of all stakeholders dealing with maps in the context of automated driving. Following this spirit, the 11th meeting is planned before the end of the year in the Americas.

10th Open Auto Drive Forum on Jul 12, 2018
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Meeting review

Review: 9th Open AutoDrive Forum on March 6, 2018

The 9th Open Auto Drive Forum (OADF) meeting was hosted by NNG in Budapest, Hungary. After the last meetings in the USA in May and in Japan in November 2017, it was the first meeting in Europe again. As such it focused on the alignment with Standardization activities in Europe.

The speaker of OADF, Dr. Volker Sasse introduced to OADF which is focusing on the use of maps for automated driving. He stated that implementing automated driving will require a fundamental shift of the paradigm of traffic systems from individualism to collectivism. The individual vehicle will become part of the data collecting and sharing crowd. Maps will play an important role as the reference for storing and sharing information. The cooperation in automated driving would save millions of lives.

In its keynote speech, Prof. Zsolt Szalay from the University of Budapest introduced to the research history in autonomous driving projects in Hungary and ‘RECAR’, being a multidisciplinary cooperation for autonomous road vehicles in Hungary. The RECAR program comes with own education and research programs. One focus is testing and validation, ranging from computer simulations up to real traffic system tests on public roads. Hungary is presently constructing a unique proving ground dedicated for testing autonomously driving cars. The RECAR program is embedded in the Smart Mobility Platform in Hungary, targeting also non-technical prerequisites for automated driving such as legislation, standardization and economical aspects.

The remainder of the morning sessions was dedicated to introductions and updates from the standardization bodies. Michael Klingsoehr from Bosch SoftTec reported on ADASIS, Dr. Volker Sasse from NavInfo on the Navigation Data Standard (NDS) Association, Prokop Jehlicka from HERE on SENSORIS, Dr. Matthias Unbehaun from TISA on TPEG3, Hiroki Sakai from the Mitsubishi Research Institute on SIP-adus, Stephen T’Siobbel from TomTom on TN-ITS and Michael Scholz from DLR on OpenDRIVE. All organizations were very active in preparing their formats for automated driving and reported on significant progress since the last OADF meetings.

The afternoon session was again dedicated to updates from the cross-organizational working areas in OADF: the evolvement of the OADF Reference Ecosystem, the preparation of highly reliable maps for automated driving as well as the preparation of interfaces between the different standardized formats by implementing a directory of attribute descriptions.

Since its first meeting end of 2015, the OADF meetings attracted a continuously high number of participants. OADF and its three meetings per year across the continents have proven to ensure a continuous information exchange and alignment of all stakeholders dealing with maps in the context of automated driving. Continuing in this spirit, the 10th meeting is scheduled in July 2018 in China. The focus of this second meeting in China is to align again with the rapidly evolving activities in China regarding autonomous driving.

The OADF Steering Committee with the host of the 9th Meeting